Humanities

Purpose of Study

 

The focus for humanities teaching at Wimborne First School, is on children building up a body of knowledge and skills, through which they are encouraged to discuss and apply into cross-curricular learning. Learning is contextualised; it is taught through a range of topics over the year and incorporates the creative arts through a history or geography focus. Humanities learning is extended and consolidated with cross curricular links to other subjects. Lessons are taught in creative and interesting ways. Local visits, school workshops and trips provide meaningful learning opportunities and a chance for pupils to apply their knowledge and skills.

 

Aims

 

The National Curriculum aims through history, all pupils should:

 

  • know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind.
  • gain and deploy a historically-grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses.
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.
  • gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.

 

The National Curriculum aims through geography, all pupils should:

 

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of places, seas and oceans, including their defining physical and human characteristics.
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time.

Are competent in the geographical skills needed to:

 

  • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes.
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
  • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps and writing at length.

 

Early Years (Reception)

 

Humanities in the early years introduces children to specific skills through practical activities linked to their topics. Children will learn to observe, discuss, and explain simple processes, changes, similarities and differences in a range of practical ways. They will use simple vocabulary to talk about what they notice and investigate through stories, art work and photographs.

 

Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)

 

In Key Stage One geography, pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand the basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use skills including first-hand observations to enhance their locational awareness.

 

In Key Stage One history pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify any similarities and differences. They should also understand some of the ways we find out about the past.

 

Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4)

 

In Key Stage Two geography, pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom, Europe, North and South America. This will include significant human and physical features and also develop geographical knowledge, understanding and skills.

 

In Key Stage Two history pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history. They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time, using historical terminology. They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.