Purpose of Study


The focus for science teaching at Wimborne First School, is on children building up a body of knowledge and concepts, through which they are encouraged to recognise rational explanations and develop a sense of awe and wonder about natural phenomena. Children are encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave and analyse causes.




The National Curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.


Early Years (Reception)


Science in the early years introduces children to specific scientific skills through practical activities linked to their topics. Children will learn to observe, discuss, and explain simple processes, changes, similarities and differences in a range of practical ways. They will use simple scientific vocabulary to talk about what they notice and carry out simple investigations through stories.


Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)


The main focus is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the world around them. They are encouraged to be curious, ask questions about what they notice and develop their understanding of scientific ideas. Children use scientific vocabulary to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas in a variety of ways. They will begin to plan investigations together to answer questions posed through stories and have opportunities to make predictions and carry out investigative work. Most of the learning is carried out through practical activities and investigations, but there is also an opportunity for pupils to use appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos. Links are made to topics where appropriate.


Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4)


The main focus is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. This is achieved through exploring, discussing, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments. Children ask their own questions about what they observe and make decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best way to answer them. They draw simple conclusions and use scientific language, when discussing and writing about what they have found out. Links are made to topics where appropriate.